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Common Types of Foot and Ankle Surgery

  • Foot and ankle surgery

      Foot & Ankle surgery is a subspecialty of orthopedic medicine that deals with the diagnosis, prevention, management or conditions such as pain in one's feet/ankles. These arise from aging; weakening bones due to osteoporosis (d Townsend
      "Osteopenia"), fading ligaments & muscles over time-weakened protective layer called articular cartilage which provides support for our joints - this can lead them becoming loose allowing extra spaces between each bone making it easier prone toward injury when moving around quickly on hard surfaces like streets."


    Contingent on the severity of the condition, foot doctors and orthopedic surgeons may treat the following foot and ankle conditions through surgical procedures: foot and ankle fractures, metatarsal, ankle arthritis, flat feet, bunions, hammertoe, and plantar fasciitis, and such tendon disorders as Achilles tendons. The goal of the surgery is usually to align broken bones, fuse painful joints, remove overgrown tissues, and repair torn ligaments.



    Foot and ankle pain is a very common condition, but the decision to have surgery or not typically depends on various factors. These can include severity of foot/ankle issues; how it affects you life (including work), personal needs etc.; reaction towards medications & orthotics as well as special footwear


    Advantages of foot and ankle surgery

    The main advantages of foot and ankle surgery are: long-lasting pain relief; enhanced function and mobility; a wider variety of comfortable shoes; and an improved appearance of one's foot, depending on the type of surgery that was espoused.


    Disadvantages of foot and ankle surgery


    Foot surgery can have a number of potential drawbacks, such as replacement joints that aren't as durable or long lasting than natural ones. Another consideration is how limited your mobility will be after the procedure - Depending on the procedure you will need to rest your feet for days or even weeks. Not doing so will risk your feet swelling and the tissues getting inflamed. Also sensation at our near the surgical site may be impaired for shorter or even longer periods as small nerves in the area might be impacted.


    Types of foot and ankle surgery


    The foot and ankle are often complicated to repair because they can sustain different types of wounds. This makes these parts more likely than other areas on your body require surgery, but there is hope! The following list details some common surgeries that may be needed:


    1. Ankle arthritis surgery

    Ankle arthritis surgeries are performed when patients have severe osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.


    Osteoarthritis, commonly referred to as "wear-and-tear disease," develops as a result of the friction of the ankle bones  as the cushioning cartilage between them ages. Ankle pain, stiffness, and swelling are symptoms of the inflammatory disease rheumatoid arthritis, which causes the lining of a person's joints to become inflamed.


    The surgical procedures associated with ankle arthritis surgery are: ankle fusion, triple fusion, and ankle replacement.


    1. Metatarsal foot surgery

    When the tiny joints in a patients forefoot (metatarsophalangeal joints) become severely arthritic and inflamed, metatarsal foot surgery is necessary. Due to the soreness and the sense of "walking pebbles," this may cause the metatarsophalangeal joint to dislocate, which can be quite painful.


    The  extend  of  metatarsal foot surgery is often dependent on  the degree of the damage to the metatarsophalangeal joints. Common surgery for metatarsal injury involves removal of the heads of the metatarsophalangeal joints and surgery to the big toe.


    1. Hammertoe foot surgery


    Hammertoe is a condition that can cause the toes to permanently bend, which may result in clawed or malformed nails. The pain from this type of arthritis hurts especially when you're walking and causes those who have it great difficulty doing everyday tasks such as fitting the affected foot in a shoe or being on their feet longer!


    It's important not just for yourself but also loved ones around us so please take care if there are signs anything could be wrong. Hammertoes don't always show up right away - some people only notice them after an extended period on their feet


    1. Plantar fasciitis foot surgery

    Plantar  fasciitis foot surgery is a form of heel pain treatment dealing with the problem where the tissue from the heel to the toe (plantar fascia) becomes inflamed and excruciatingly painful where it joins the heel. This type of surgery usually happens in very extreme cases of plantar  fasciitis.


    1. Tibialis posterior dysfunction foot surgery

    Tibialis posterior dysfunction is common in athletes who play high-impact sports like soccer or basketball. It affects the tibialis posterior muscle, which supports the instep arch. It's located deep within the posterior compartment of our legs and helps us to maintain balance as well as group movement for walking, running or kicking things around with ease.

    An inflammation of this tendon that connects this muscle to the bone, results in a painful and swollen foot arch. If ignored, this can weaken the tendon and impair the instep arch, leading to "flatfoot," as the condition is known. Surgery for tibialis posterior dysfunction usually involves osteotomy, tendon transfer, and fusion.


    Need help with foot and ankle surgery?


    Foot and ankle pain is a very common condition, but it doesn't have to keep you from exercising or enjoying life. Click here for more information on how we can help!