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What are the Causes, Risks, and Symptoms of Back Pain?

  • For seeking medical treatment and for absence from work back pain is a common reason. It can be debilitating and uncomfortable. It is the result of activity, injury, and some medical conditions. Due to factors such as degenerative disk disease and previous occupation, the chance of developing back pain increases, as people get older.



    The bony lumbar spine is where the back pain happens, discs between the vertebrae, spinal cord and nerves, ligaments around the spine and discs, abdominal and pelvic internal organs, lower back muscles, and the skin around the lumbar area. Due to disorders of the aorta, spine inflammation, and tumors in the chest, pain in the upper back may occur.


    Causes of back pain


    According to the back pain specialist, the main causes of back pain are problems with back structures and strain.


    1. Strain-Back pain often occurs due to strained muscles. With the incorrect lifting of heavy objects and sudden awkward movements, a strain commonly happens. Over-activity also results in strain. After a few hours of yard work or playing a sport, the stiffness and sore feeling occur is the example of it.


    1. Structural problems- On top of one another that make up the spine, vertebrae are the interlocking bones stacked. Between each vertebra, disks are areas of tissue that cushion the space. A fairly common cause of back pain is disk injuries. These disks can herniate, bulge, or rupture sometimes. When this happens nerves can get compressed.


    1. Arthritis- For back pain, Spinal osteoarthritis is also a potential cause. In the cartilage joints of your back, it is caused by damage and deterioration. This condition can lead to narrowing of the spinal stenosis or spinal column over time.


    1. Osteoporosis- Thinning of bone and loss of bone density is called osteoporosis. In your vertebrae, it can lead to small fractures. These fractures are referred to as compression fractures and can cause serious pain.


    Risk factors of back pain


    To a higher risk of developing back pain, the following factors are linked

    1. Pregnancy
    2. Excess weight and obesity
    3. Genetic factors
    4. A Sedentary lifestyle
    5. Smoking habit
    6. Occupational activities
    7. Medical conditions such as cancer and arthritis
    8. Poor physical fitness
    9. Older age
    10. If done incorrectly work or strenuous physical exercise


    As compared to men, back pain also tends to be more summon in women possibly due to hormonal factors says a back specialist. Mood disorders, stress, and anxiety have also been linked to back pain.



    Symptoms of back pain


    Pain or an ache anywhere in the back is the main symptom of back pain and sometimes all the way down to the legs and buttocks. Depending on the nerves affected, some back issues can cause pain in other parts of the body. Without treatment, the pain often goes away but if it occurs with any of the following people should see a back pain doctor:

    • Fever
    • Pain down the legs
    • Difficulty in urinating
    • Swelling on the back or inflammation
    • Trauma or blow to the back of a recent injury
    • The feeling of numbness around the genitals
    • Loss of control over bowel movements


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